Chiado, Bairro Alto and Baixa have always been the centers of Lisbon's cultural life. The first theaters, the cinemas, the assemblies/reunions in the coffee shops, the fine-arts schools, the architecture, the music, the dance, the scientific, literary and artistic academies and societies, the galleries
Here lived some famous artists, photographers, intellectuals and politicians that made Chiado and Bairro Alto, unique spaces, preferred to live, with different cultural offers. To remember Priest António Vieira (preacher in Jesuítas Church), Fernando Pessoa, in one of his preferred itineraries - from Camões to Estrela or from Cais do Sodré to Chiado - Almada Negreiros, Eça de Queiroz, Bocage e many others, is to revive the historical memory from this city's area. In homage to their work, some streets, statues and squares have their names.
Here are some examples:
Monument to Eça de Queiroz, in Largo do Barão de Quintela - Eça de Queiroz was born in Póvoa do Varzim, in 1845. He is the author of many famous books, among them the famous romance Os Maias.
Bronze statue in front of "café" Brasileira e Casa Havaneza - Fernando Pessoa was born in 1888, in the middle of Lisbon. He is the author of many famous books too like Livro do Desasossego and Mensagem.
Rua Garrett - Almeida Garrett, was born in Porto, in 1719, and lived in Lisbon. He is the author of the famous book Viagens na minha terra.
Praça Luis de Camões - Luis Vaz de Camões, a poet, author of the famous book bout the portuguese sea-discoveries: Os Lusíadas (published in 1572).